The Anchorage 1770, Beaufort, South Carolina

Name the Cottage Contest Part 2 - Beaufort's Amazing History!HistoryColonial Era

At Anchorage 1770, we find the history of our surroundings amazing! It is all around us, everywhere we go in the Lowcountry. Old churches, historic markers, old mansions and even old live oaks - hundreds of years old!

While the Anchorage has a part to play in this narrative, the South Carolina Lowcountry’s written history stands 500+ years with the discovery of the area by Captain Pedro de Salaza of Spain in 1514. Furthermore, the “indian shell ring” on Hilton Head indicates that indians inhabited the area seasonally as early as 4000 BC.

Before the English eventually colonized North America, The Spanish and the French fought for control. In fact the first colony in North America was Charlesfort founded by Jean Ribaut the French Huguenot Explorer in 1562 on what is now Parris Island. Yes the same island that makes our U.S. Marines! Ribaut left settlers at Charlesfort and returned to France for more supplies. After about a year, those left behind, abandoned the colony headed for Fort Caroline in Florida.

In 1565 naval officer Pedro Melendez de Aviles arrived in the area, fought off the French and claimed the territory for Spain. In 1566 Melendez arrived at the Parris Island site and started a new Spanish Colony called Saint Elena. This is the oldest colonized site in North America and remained a colony of Spain for 21 years.

With threat from the English, Spain decided to leave Saint Elena and consolidate their forces in St Augustine in 1587. The Port Royal Sound was occupied by Scottish and English colonist until the early 1700s when the plantation economy started to develop.

Rice and indigo were the main crops and slaves from West Africa were brought in to provide the labor. The town of Beaufort was chartered in 1711 and is the second oldest town in South Carolina. Both Beaufort County and its county seat of Beaufort were named for Henry Somerset, Duke of Beaufort (1684-1714), one of the Lords Proprietors of Carolina.

There is a rich history in the Lowcountry from the founding of Beaufort through the Revolutionary War, the Civil War and the aftermath of reconstruction. Some resources to learn more are:

- http://www.beaufort-sc.com/beaufort-sc-history.html

- http://santa-elena.org/history/

- https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Beaufort,_South_Carolina

As owners of Anchorage 1770, we find this history fascinating. Within each era there are so many old stories. Raids by the Yemassee Indians, the exploits of Robert Smalls and Harriet Tubman, the Gullah Culture that developed and much more. We are looking for a name for the cottage, and we are asking for your help.  The perfect name might just be hidden in this incredible historical ride that has been witnessed in the Lowcountry.

The contest will end on May 15th and you may enter as many times as you'd like. The link to enter is http://l.inkto.it/6temj

Our first blog post about the contest is here http://anchorage1770.com/blog/view-entry.aspx?entryID=22#.VTVdO63BzGe

We have enjoyed your entries so far, keep up the good work. One of you will make history and win one awesome weekend at Anchorage 1770!

My grandmother was the owner of The Anchorage in the 1950s-1960s. Her name was Dreka Olive Wilder Stokes (DOWS) and I was fortunate to grow-up as a member of her family and blessed to reside at the anchorage for several amazing years.Thank you for doing this!

Posted by: luther whitney | 4/21/2015